BioLogos Scholarly Essays

The BioLogos Foundation features scholarly essays on their website. Here are my favorite essays:

Barriers to Accepting the Possibility of Creation by Means of an Evolutionary Process: Concerns of the Typical Parishioner
By Tim Keller
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In this paper, Keller considers three main clusters of questions lay people raise when they learn of anyone teaching that biological evolution and biblical orthodoxy can be compatible. Keller offers some ideas on how to provide responses that take these concerns seriously.(A white paper from the 2009 November workshop.)

Barriers to Accepting the Possibility of Creation by Means of an Evolutionary Process: Concerns of the Typical Evangelical Theologian
By Bruce Waltke
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Renowned Old Testament scholar Bruce Waltke considers eleven barriers that prevent evangelical theologians from accepting evolution as a possible means of creation and what these barriers tell us about the tensions perceived by many Evangelicals between science and faith. Waltke’s work was based on a survey sent to members of the Fellowship of Evangelical Seminary Presidents and their faculty which asked respondents to identify the reasons that they do not personally accept evolutionary theory. This essay was presented at the November 2009 Theology of Celebration Workshop.

Evangelicals, Evolution and the Bible: Moving Toward a Synthesis
By Pete Enns
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Why are the numerous interpretive issues related to the Apostle Paul’s view of Adam important, exactly? Why invest so much time in trying to understand Genesis as the ancient Israelites would have, or in reading Paul in a non-literal way? In a new essay, Enns argues that Christians must engage in these activities, because ignoring the scientific and archeological evidence for evolution is not an option for believers in the twenty-first century.

Evolutionary Creation: A Christian Approach to Evolution
By Denis Lamoureux
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Science-and-religion professor Denis Lamoureux presents the theory of evolutionary creation, which claims that the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit created the universe and life through an ordained, sustained, and design-reflecting evolutionary process. The view of origins, says Lamoureux, fully embraces both the religious beliefs of biblical Christianity and the scientific theories of cosmological, geological, and biological evolution.

Evangelicals, Creation, and Scripture: An Overview
By Mark Noll
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Mark Noll, historian and author of The Scandal of the Evangelical Mind, enumerates 15 attitudes, assumptions, and convictions he considers to be most influential in inciting anti-intellectual sentiment among evangelical Christians. He also traces the historical background of these ideas and how they continue to affect the relationship between science and faith today. This essay was presented at the November 2009 Theology of Celebration Workshop.

How does a BioLogos model need to address the theological issues associated with an Adam who was not the sole genetic progenitor of humankind?
By Denis Alexander
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Science and Religion scholar Denis Alexander presents two models for relating Adam and Eve with the findings of contemporary anthropology. This essay was presented at the November 2010 Theology of Celebration Workshop.

Understanding Adam
By Pete Enns
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In this paper, Pete Enns looks at from a unique angle to some: Adam is the beginning of Israel, not humanity. He follows through with how this line of thinking affects our reading of the Genesis account.

C. S. Lewis on Evolution and Intelligent Design
By Michael L. Peterson
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This article is a comprehensive study of the views of Christian author and apologist C. S. Lewis on the theory of evolution and the argument from intelligent design. It explains how he would distinguish expressly philosophical arguments for a Transcendent Mind from the current claims of the intelligent design (ID) movement to provide scientific evidence for such a reality. It also expounds Lewis’s important distinction between evolution as a highly confirmed scientific theory and evolution as co-opted by naturalistic philosophy.

The BioLogos Foundation and Darwin’s Pious Idea
By John Wesley Wright
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In this paper, theologian John Wesley Wright reviews Connor Cunningham’s book Darwin’s Pious Idea, a work that deeply explores the integration of Darwinian evolutionary theory and Christian faith.


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